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TIAR: Peace in the Americas as a priority

More than 70 years ago, the defense of the peace and integrity of the countries of the Americas brought together their leaders to create an instrument of public international law of a purely diplomatic nature based on the general provisions established in the Hague Treaty of Conventions.

For this reason, on September 2, 1947, the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR) was signed.The agreement was intended to prevent and take action against situations that threaten friendship, empathy and security among each of the governments of the region. The agreement also had the firm task of neutralizing, with prevalence in diplomacy, any attempt of aggression against any of its members, for which all parties pledged to remain united within an inter-American system compatible with the purposes and principles of the United Nations (UN).

All signatories renewed their adherence to the principles of inter-American solidarity and cooperation.The members of the treaty are bound by democratic ideals to defend peace by all possible means. By becoming a party to this treaty, members provide effective reciprocal assistance in dealing with armed attacks against any state in the region. In addition, they are obliged not to resort to the threat or any form of violence to resolve any conflict arising between them, resorting to the methods of peaceful settlement in force in the Inter-American System, before being referred as a last resort to the analysis of the United Nations Security Council.

The origin of TIAR

It was the first treaty of its kind to emerge after World War II.. Its geographical range includes the Americas and 300 miles from the coast, including the region between Alaska and Greenland in the north and in the Arctic zone up to the Aleutian Islands. In the south it includes the Antarctic regions and the islets of St. Peter, St. Paul and Trinity Island.

The agreement was signed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between the following countriesArgentina, Brazil, Bahamas, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay and Venezuela. 

The text states that any armed attack by any state against an American state shall be considered an attack on all states. of the region. It also determines that if the inviolability or integrity of the territory, or the sovereignty or political independence of any American country is affected by an aggression that does not correspond to an armed attack, or by a conflict outside or inside the continent, the Organ of Consultation shall meet immediately in order to agree on the measures to be taken in each case.

TIAR has been invoked at least 20 times since it was signed.. Among the most representative cases are the blockade of Cuba in 1962, the armed conflict between Honduras and El Salvador, and the assassination attempt against Rómulo Betancourt, former Venezuelan president. The most recent case was on behalf of the United States following the events of September 11, 2001.

For this reason, the objective of TIAR is to achieve the mediation, conciliation, negotiation in order to exhaust diplomatic channels before reaching the last resort of referring it to the United Nations Security Council.

In this sense, the members of Alan Aldana & Abogados have been certified at Harvard University in order to be qualified to provide the knowledge acquired in any of the following areas of practice negotiation process effectively.